When you suspect a corneal abrasion


 A corneal abrasion occurs when a person’s cornea – the clear, domed covering over the eye’s iris and pupil – is scraped or scratched. This can happen in a number of ways, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Among them: Something, such as sawdust or ash, blows into the eye; a substance such as dirt, dust or sand gets stuck under the eyelid; someone wears improperly fitted contact lenses; or the eye gets poked. Additionally, vigorously rubbing the eye can lead to an abrasion, as can having an eye infection.

A corneal abrasion can be painful, and that pain may increase when you open or close your eye. Other symptoms include tearing, redness, light sensitivity, headache and blurry vision, AAO states.

What to do

The Mayo Clinic advises taking these steps if you believe you have a corneal abrasion:

  • Flush out your eye with clean water or saline solution or, if available, use an eyewash station. Flushing your eye may help remove a foreign object.
  • Blink several times, which may help remove small particles.
  • Pull your upper eyelid over your lower lid, which may result in your eye tearing up and washing out foreign particles.

Minor corneal abrasions will generally heal on their own within a few days. If you believe the abrasion is more serious, consult your eye doctor.

To help prevent future injuries, refrain from rubbing your eye after an injury, wearing contact lenses while your eye is healing, or touching the healing eye with cotton swaps or other items.

And if your job calls for eye protection, make sure you wear it.

**information sited from National Safety Council article

Mine Safety Agency Announces Final Rule for Examination of Working Places in Metal, Nonmetal Mines

Examinations of working places should be conducted before miners begin work in those places and miners should be notified of hazardous conditions found during examinations, the Mine Safety and Health Administration has announced in a final rule amending existing standards to improve the quality of working place examinations in metal and nonmetal mines. The final rule takes effect on May 23, 2017.

The agency said that under the new rule, miners would benefit from “timely and rigorous” working place examinations to prevent injuries and death. Existing standards allow an examination to be conducted at any time during a shift (even at the very end of the shift) and contain no requirement that miners be notified of hazards found during an examination.

According to a fact sheet, the final rule improves safety and health of miners by requiring mine operators to:

  • perform working place examinations that identify hazards before miners begin work in an area;
  • promptly inform affected miners about hazardous conditions that are not corrected immediately;
  • make the examination record before the end of the shift;
  • record the locations examined, the name of the person conducting the examination, the adverse conditions identified, and the date of the corrective action; and
  • make a copy of examination records available to MSHA and miners’ representatives upon request.

The agency estimated the final rule will result in $34.5 million in annual costs for the metal and nonmetals mine industry. The new rule, it said, will “result in benefits” due to “more effective and consistent” workplace examinations that will help to ensure conditions will be “timely identified, communicated to miners, and corrected.”

In a question-and-answer sheet, MSHA said that between January 2010 and mid-December 2015, it recorded 122 miners killed in 110 accidents at metal and nonmetal mines. It said the agency issued citations to mine operators involved in 16 accidents, in which 18 miners were killed. MSHA said it has taken “a common sense approach” with the final rule.

Severe black lung disease spikes among Kentucky miners: (Report December 21, 2016)

coal mine

Photo: Alex Potemkin/iStockphoto

Atlanta – A radiology practice in eastern Kentucky diagnosed 60 current or former coal miners with progressive massive fibrosis – the most severe case of black lung disease – between January 2015 and August 2016, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

“This ongoing outbreak highlights an urgent need for effective dust control in coal mines to prevent coal workers’ pneumoconiosis, and for improved surveillance to promptly identify the early stages of the disease and stop its progression to PMF,” the report states.

The cluster was not identified through NIOSH’s Coal Workers’ Health Surveillance Program, which identified only 31 such cases nationwide between 1990 to 1999. The disease has seen a resurgence since then, with increases in prevalence and severity, the report states.

Inhaling respirable coal mine dust causes coal workers’ pneumoconiosis, also known as black lung disease, according to CDC.

The Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977 and the 1969 legislation it amended had helped significantly curb cases of black lung and nearly eradicate progressive massive fibrosis by establishing limits on miners’ exposure to inhaled dust.

“The factor or combination of factors that led to this increase in cases of PMF in eastern Kentucky and whether there are more unrecognized cases in neighboring coal mining regions are unknown,” the report states. “Because PMF takes years to become manifest, the specific exposures or mining practices that led to these cases are also unknown. New or modified mining practices in the region might be causing hazardous dust exposures.”


Top 10 Most Frequently OSHA Cited Standards

For Fiscal 2015 (Oct. 1, 2014, to Sept. 30, 2015)

The following is a list of the top 10 most frequently cited standards* following inspections of worksites by federal OSHA. OSHA publishes this list to alert employers about these commonly cited standards so they can take steps to find and fix recognized hazards addressed in these and other standards before OSHA shows up. Far too many preventable injuries and illnesses occur in the workplace.

Most Frequently Cited Violations

1. 1926.501 – Fall Protection (C)
2. 1910.1200 – Hazard Communication
3. 1926.451 – Scaffolding (C)
4. 1910.134 – Respiratory Protection
5. 1910.147 – Lockout/Tagout

(C) = Construction standard

6. 1910.178 – Powered Industrial Trucks
7. 1926.1053 – Ladders (C)
8. 1910.305 – Electrical, Wiring Methods
9. 1910.212 – Machine Guarding
10. 1910.303 – Electrical, General Requirements